Apis mellifera L.
RISK OF EROSION High
DESCRIPTION Among the honey bees ( Apis mellifera L.), the Apis mellifera ligustica (Spinola, 1806) has been bred since time immemorial in Umbria and along the Apennine ridge. Since its evolution is strictly connected to the differences in climate and grazing present in the various regional and Italian ecosystems, it is possible to state that in Umbria, based on numerous studies carried out in the past, further supported by the scientific study carried out in 1959 by Prof.ssa Marcella Bernadini Battaglini of the University of Perugia, on the biometrics of bee populations reared in Umbria, it emerges that even then the population of Apis mellifera ligustica had the distinctive and homogeneous characteristics of a real local population of the Italian autochthonous subspecies. It is precisely in Umbria, among other things, that there is the first three-dimensional description and illustration of the Ape, by Duke Federico Cesi of Acquasparta (TR) in 1624.
TYPICAL FARMING AREA Among the honey bees ( Apis mellifera L.), the Apis mellifera ligustica (Spinola, 1806), has been bred since time immemorial in Umbria and along the Apennine ridge.
PRODUCTION ATTITUDES The bees of the ligustica breed are particularly active, docile and with a strong aptitude for brood breeding, thanks also to the high prolificacy of the queen bee. Despite the exceptional amount of brood laid and reared, it is not prone to swarming. The colonies begin to breed brood since the end of winter and maintain an extensive breeding area regardless of the extent of the nectarous and polliniferous flow, until late autumn; brood frames always have a “crescent” of dead stocks (honey and pollen) in the highest part of the same throughout the beekeeping season. Good production attitude also in the face of climate change.